Gen14-13-24 Jan. 16, 2000
Intro: Destruction was not total, some had escaped…
13And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.
1st time Hebrew is used. Appropriately of Abraham, the father of all the Hebrews.
Notice at this time the Amorite was confederate with Abram. This means they were ALLIES and in this context militarily (and in some sort of economic arrangement). This was not ungodly unity or compromise. If you are fighting for your country you had better be confederate with every unbeliever in your unit.
14And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants,
Armed combat to protect your family. This is why pacifism is unscriptural. Ie. Quakers: today they are liberal one worlders “peace at any cost”.
born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan.
With a band of men this size in his employ, Abraham was no doubt a mighty man of influence and wealth. He was practically a king.
It is very likely that a band of Amorites went with him since they were confederate with Abraham.
Even with the extra help the numbers were against them. This conflict was comparable to Gideon and his band of 300 against 135 000 Midianites.
15And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.
Military tactics. These men were trained in Abraham’s household and with the wisdom that God gave them they won the battle.
No doubt the ememy were enjoying the spoils and looking forward to getting home. The last thing they expected was a night time attack from two fronts!
Why is there no secular confirmation of this battle?
Customs: They recorded only victories. Not humiliating defeats.
We do not learn of this miraculous military victory in secular records because Abraham no doubt acknowledged that the victory was the Lord’s.
16And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.
No doubt many of the captives thankfully stumbled home and the greatness and reputation of Abraham increased.
17And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale. 18And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
Two come out to meet Abraham: the king of Sodom and Melchizedek, king of Salem.
Let’s take a closer look at Melchizedek:
- 900 years later King David refers to him in Psalm 110
1 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
2 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
3 Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
6 He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
7 He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.
THIS psalm is a messianic Psalm and speaks prophetically of Christ.
Paul writes of Melchizedec in Hebrews:
Chapter 5 6As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
10Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.
Chapter 6 20Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
1For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 2To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; 3Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. 4Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. 5And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham: 6But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises. 7And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better. 8And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. 9And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham. 10For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him.
11If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? 12For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. 13For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. 14For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood. 15And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, 16Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. 17For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. 18For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof. 19For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God. 20And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest: 21(For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:)
By the way Melchizedek brought out bread and wine, just as Jesus did at the Lord’s supper.
19And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
Not a tenth of the spoils: cf. V.23
Tithing taught in the Old Testament BEFORE THE LAW of Moses.
That’s all I’ll say on that here. I don’t feel the need to teach much on tithing and giving to the people here…
21And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.
The next character is the king of Sodom.
If Melchizedek is a type of Christ, the King of Sodom is a type of Satan.
His aim was to get Abraham’s eyes on the material and off the souls of men.
This is a real danger. To concentrate on what is good but to neglect what is best.
22And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,
He acknowledged God was the victor of the battle.
23That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:
He gave God the glory and He would see to it God continued to get the glory due His name.
24Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.
Abraham was only a stranger and a pilgrim in the land but these men had their lives wrapped up in the things of the world.
THIS TREMENDOUS TEST OF FAITH, COURAGE, GENEROSITY AND LOVE WAS PASSED WITH VICTORY BY ABRAHAM. THIS WAS TO SET THE SCENE FOR THE GREATEST EXPERIENCE AND REVELATION FROM GOD, WHICH HE HAD YET RECEIVED.